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Final Blog

May 3, 2018 in Writing

At the beginning of this semester, I thought this was going to be an easy class. As a sophomore in upper division classes, I thought my writing skills were on par with the average student. So I did not want to worry. I was quickly wrong. I received a very poor grade. As a result, I needed to shift my focus and mentality about the class. Initially it was a class, and soon, it became a life skill. After receiving a poor grade, I learned to utilize my resources and ask for help when I needed. This course helped my writing, I think that was the point of the class. But it was able to help me as a student, understand what I want to. These reflection in themselves helped me to understand what I like and dislike, and I am truly grateful. This course was a very good refresher for me, understanding that I need to do things because I want too. I am very blessed to have had this class during a busy semester. It made me think about life and what I was writing about, looking at what I believe rather than what I was wired to believe due to social constructs.

Annotated Bibliography

May 3, 2018 in Writing

The annotated bibliography was very useful. In the beginning, I thought it would have nothing positive for me, and that I just needed to quote from the sources. But learning that I need to understand the sources I used, analyzing each document allowed me to show more connections in my argument essay.

Research Paper

May 3, 2018 in Blog

My research in assistive technology successfully implemented in school is going very well. There is a large amount of information showing the amount of funding put into AT and special education programs, as well as a connection showing the successfulness between the amount of money put into a program and the effectiveness post education. There is also a connection between students who do not receive enough funding and their lack of effectiveness in AT. In terms of struggling, there is a lack of counter-argument. No one typically feels that the successfulness of AT should be lowered. Therefore, my counter-argument is currently very weak.

Murray’s Post

March 27, 2018 in Blog

I can’t write.


What I mean, is I write the same way I talk. As though I am speaking to the page. I do this as a way to give my writing voice, as though someone is speaking directly to another person or the audience. This stems from a long history of watching plays, stand up comedy, basically entertainment. So going back to what I said first about “I can’t write” is that in analytical essays, research papers, etc. I am unable to prove myself through writing. When you speak, there is usually “You get what I mean right?” type of conversation when someone cannot put their thoughts into words. But essentially, I am speaking to someone else because I am trying to get my message across.


Donald Murray discusses what it means to be an author, a maker. He states that “[authors] write first for [themselves], to explore and share [their] world.” So the primary purpose is to share their experiences. However, in order to successfully share, you must communicate well. “…the aim of writing is communication, not just self-expression.” So in order for me to be an effective talker essentially, is my communication skills must be on par. Murray goes later to also discuss that, although it is not communication in person, there is a tone. Stating that one of his last steps is “I listen for tone…writing is held together by that invisible force.” Proving that through successful communication, aspects that are typically seen only among one on one interactions have the same aspects in writing if done correctly.


Murray’s Makerseye is very resourceful to me as an example. I think one of the things that stuck with me the most was when he discusses “never being satisfied,…each copy is tentative.” And I think that is a large part about writing. It is more than just a class. Often when I write, it is for grades and once its done, it is done. But writing for yourself is never really done, and I think that is the whole purpose of Markerseye, to show that writing goes past the classroom or merely being something that people grade.

Stasis Questions

March 24, 2018 in Blog

There is a problem in the application of Assistive Technology (AT) in public schools in the United States. Although there are laws stating all students must have equal opportunities and those who need must have AT, there are very few guidelines on how actually apply such technology for students. With 1 out of every 6 students need AT, whether that be for mild to very extreme conditions, there are no set guidelines for students to receive and/or effectively apply AT to their everyday school work. There have been improvements in the issue of Assistive Technology in schools with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Acts updated in 2004, but there are very few schools effectively practicing the use of Assistive Technology. Not only does it affect the student, but faculty as well. Public Schools are required to provide such services to an individual. However, teachers, for example, are a group that affected directly from the inclusion of all students because certain accommodations for students are necessary but cannot be afforded in a traditional classroom setting. Assistive technology can range from hearing aids to keyboards that can translate certain movements for students with a disability such as autism. And although such computers and equipment may be provided, in a traditional classroom, a teacher will have to allocate extra time in order to incorporate all the students, and this is what parents and schools fear will happen with the inclusion of all students.

On the basis of a good or bad issue, the idea of implementing an effective plan of approach with AT and a student is genuinely good because it does not provide any negative outlooks for the stakeholders. However, even though something is a good idea, there is a difficulty of change involved. Teachers who have been teaching for possibly 30 plus years may have to change their teaching style to accommodate for such students, or even possibly learn themselves the technology the student is using in order to help such students. So there is a stakeholder in the teachers and let us say faculty because other faculty members are also affected but primarily teachers. Now peers are also a stakeholders. Students will have to also be aware of the transition caused by AT in the classroom because they will have their attentions focused elsewhere. Although it may not be for a long period of time, but the 5 minutes possibly not spent on traditional learning can snowball into not learning an entire chapter because the said teacher was focusing elsewhere. Now the end stakeholder is the student with the disability himself because there is a struggle in the understanding of new technology. At a present day example, if a person born in the 80s was given a new smartphone, compared to a person born in the early 2000s, there is a higher probability that the person born in the 2000s would be more comfortable. But if there were clear, concise directions on how to turn on the phone for example, both people would have the same advantage regardless because it is all written. There is no written words for students with disability to be helped with learning Assistive Technology. Although some schools may have people to teach, for a large part, students with disability may have to learn on their own which is difficult. So as they struggle to learn possibly, there is a snowball effect of things happening in schools because there are no directions for schools to implement AT.

State governments need to take action, and regulate the administration for AT. There needs to be programs to teach people how to show AT to students with disabilities. Showing students how use the AT not only for school, but life uses as well, such as at home. These written rules and dictation, although tedious and time consuming will ultimately greatly improve Assistive Technology for students across the nation, positively impacting our students.

Research Proposal

March 7, 2018 in Blog


With technology ever growing, there is always an emphasis on what new technology can do. For example, Siri was one of the first uses of voice activation, allowing people to do actions without the use of their hands. However, there are people with speak disability who are unable to use siri in comparison to abled people. There is a portion of people technological advances are not being considerate for, disabled people. Assistive technologies have to become more accessible and prevalent to everyone. Becoming major keys to everyday technology such as phones and computers.



As a student, we are tasked with knowing how to use technology all over campus. And that goes past campus and into the workplace. And there are expectations people are merely supposed to meet but that is not the case. Some need assistive writing, sensitive hardware, speaking abilities and the possibility to help people with disability is endless. Companies need to stop assuming that the only people who use their technology are 20-year old students who have grown up with their technology all their life.


Research plan:

I am going to find statistics on how many companies have assistive technology readily available to their customers already. I am trying to find via database how to people have been affected with the growth of assistive technology since its introduction. Also I will find news articles, most likely on better known companies on their research and their past and future plans for helping people with disability. I will also research if companies try to purposely try to promote to certain people demographics over others. It shows how there needs to be more focus on equality amongst peoples.

Thursday Reflection Post

February 22, 2018 in Blog

The peer review revision I think was a good idea. When I write, I often think of it as though I am speaking to a certain type of audience. In my first draft my biggest take away was my grammatical choices of words. I was constantly using words repeatedly, in some instances, using them in the wrong definition also. It was a moment of humbleness as to maybe I am not as great of a writer that I once thought. Another huge thing from just my peer was telling me that, although my writing as good, it was not the assignment! For the largest part of writing the first draft, I thought I was taking the evidence given and just adding more evidence by making it more personable to audiences. I was pointed that not only did I not analyze properly, I barely did any analyzing at all.  So the second draft, I did a completely new draft and redid most of it. New evidence, new quotes, and better analysis, to the point where I actually wrote on the back of a document the structure of how I wanted to write. In the second essay came my turning point in writing this analysis essay. Once discussed, I learned I was allowed to focus on my favorite activist and solely her. I did not have to worry about including other works for the sole purpose of fulfilling requirements. This has changed my point of view on how to go at the final draft and I could not be more excited to write.

More labels than a grocery store

February 7, 2018 in Blog

Coming into Stony Brook University, freshman students are immediately immersed into gender-pronoun identification. This is taught first day in order to teach new students how important naming is in parallel to respect. Ultimately the goal is to be respectful to all people, so equality. But another large part of the lessons instilled in students during first arrival is to stress how important language is. There are many students who have never been to a different school before college, and have had the same experiences all throughout elementary through high school. Instances where the friends they initially have are their friends for life, and may not be so sensitive to what is being said around them. A common misconception being “nah but yeah, I know what you mean.” Yes, a friend may understand what that person intends, yet it can still be offensive to those around. And this is not only vocal language. Social media, videos, even the instance of a thought can become a place of equality.

So just how important is language is the question at hand? First, understand a very small portion to how language has changed throughout history. Emily Ladau states in her writing that “[Disability] is not a dirty word” however, most people view having a disability as this way. This perception is “drilled into peoples minds, often in the form of generally well-intentioned sensitivity trainings and education literature, as the only possible means to be respectful.” (Ladau). All these quotes to state that at a certain time in history, the phrase of disability solely meant disability. There was nothing more, and perhaps nothing less. In the modern world however, past the actual disability itself, there lies a “deeper” meaning. That the “respect” you give a person may be even more insulting than the actual disability. Ladau later states how when people see her, they wish to be respectful. As a result, they go back and forth to choose either PFL or IFL. But language is “Never a ‘one-size-fits-all’” meaning the situation currently may be different from the situation in the past and will probably even be different than a scenario in the future. And although that person is trying to be kind and careful about what they say, it is honestly no different to the person who you are speaking too.

Now secondly, there is a very large amount of individuals who simply do not know facts. Epilepsy is a common neurologic condition. However, due to its name and how radical it is scene in television or how fearful it is on “Epilepsy warnings” for certain video games even, epilepsy has turned into the hysteria as a cancer. Granted, having epilepsy is no humorous manner. But, there is a certain tone in which people talk to people with epilepsy. In a survey, vocabulary was the largest turning factor in a survey with only two choices. The only difference between the two choices was two words: “With” and “epilepsy” versus merely “epileptics.” On paper, these phrases may have the same meaning on the outside, but in a deeper aspect of language, there was a large correlation within two words. “One study suggested that to ‘have’ can imply possession and ‘to be’ may imply identity.” (Fernandes). Possession meaning something that can be both given and taken away, while to be indicates a label of “what you are.” One option allows one to, in a sense, choose what they would like to be. What jobs they can have. How people view them. While, the label “to be” states there is only truly one option.

Language is so very important. In a world where technology is ever pressing and communication is constantly being distributed, there needs to be a stress on the implications of our words. The physical being of words creates a presence, determining how people are to behave, controlling their actions, and even decide on choices later on. For all these reasons, the understanding of language is one of the most important arguments in all of literature.

Our knowledge bank

February 4, 2018 in Blog


When a person is the child of a person with a title, such as a president of a huge corporation or possibly a political figure, there is a certain way he/she/they must present himself/herself/themselves. As a family, you want to create the idea that you live an ideal life and that everything is perfect! The past decade in the growth in social media has even emphasized this facade, however, this type of actions create traction and gain favor from the public. Students face this on an everyday basis. Usually the most standard questions that come with being a student goes “Where do you study?” followed by “What do you study?” and this creates a lot of pressure for people because their answers invite praise or criticism. This constant judgement of a person’s actions have created a stigma in society.

Society has often focused on the most positive attributes of life. Sayings such as “hitting rock bottom means you can only go up!” have become a social norm on get well cards and just positive sentiments. But how has it changed the perspective of the world? People have become unable to speak the truth. People are scared to embrace the truth and create a shield to go around the issues at hand. Georgina Kleege discusses the life of a blind woman. She does everything considered ordinary such as taking public transportation although she’s blind! And even having a job where she has to talk to other individuals, as a professor, but she is unable to physically see her students! Was it mentioned she was blind? See, this is the type of stigma society faces. Society praises Kleege for being blind but still living her life! But what has she accomplished other than just living her life? Not in a pessimistic way as though she is worthless, but in an objective view, she has her best days and her worst days like the rest of her colleagues. But when she is having a bad day, those around her try to comfort her with “At least you’re only blind! Look at Helen Keller, she was both blind and deaf! So you have it better than her.” This is the least comforting sentiment one could make to a disabled person, almost insulting. “Save your breath. I know how good I have it. And it’s not as if I feel I’ve been singled out for suffering.” is what Kleege states in her letter to Helen Keller, discussing later on that being compared to something worse does not make anything better! Suffering is a consequence that happens. Rather than aiding to the issue, society must trump over these stigmas of sympathy and understand empathy.

Rosemarie Garland Thompson is an author who also discusses how “normal” disability can be. Throughout the piece, “Becoming Disabled” there is a paragraph dedicated to a mother of a child who has dwarfism. She still loves her child and as a result of her love will do anything she can for her son. “A mother… had begun attending Little People of America events summed this up when she said to me with stunned wonder, ‘There are a lot of them!’” is the exclamation the mother has to discover her son is not alone. A triumphant story for her moral. But to her lack of knowledge, does she not understand that there are many who have it and have average size parents. A more shocking sentiment is the fact she knows nothing prior about the all the programs there are for her son. It is a social norm that society faces, a ignorance to knowledge.

As a society, we need to face the realization that there are people who are different. It is not their responsibility to make other people feel comfortable about themselves. But it is also not responsibility to make everyone who is different feel like they all need a crutch and can’t take care of themselves. Being a society means having a balance and working as a unit. That means understanding all the sides of an argument.

Sorry, we ain’t all Michaels

January 31, 2018 in Blog

If I had a dollar for everytime I had to just make things as I’d go, I would not need to go to college. Especially at Stony Brook, a very STEM heavy school, where 3 out of 8 people will say their major is Pre-med or engineering or computer science. Those are amazing majors and always expanding fields, so props to them who study that field. But part of the job description is being able to manage what is immediate and what can be pushed off to later without too big of consequences. So when Elbow talks “Make as many metaphors as you can be as nutty as possible and explore the metaphors themselves open them out.” it is a common practice that students do when finishing assignments. If a passage is too long, find the deepest quote you can from the middle of the passage so it looks like you somewhat look like you got through the readings and try to get the grade even though, you actually didn’t care at all.

So that is the primary look at Elbow’s passage, when expressing how you can basically turn something into nothing. But what of those people who enjoy writing and reading, wishing to even follow it as a passion. Like anything, there are highs and lows. And even though to some, writing is elementary, professional anything is an entirely different ball game. An extreme example of this is Michael Jordan, often called “The Jesus” of basketball. A world renowned basketball player is great at his one thing, but even the great Michael Jordan can’t hit a baseball in the minor leagues. Now not every student is going to be the greatest basketball player in the world trying to hit a basketball. But think of Michael’s frustration. Something he thought was good at and has a passion for, didn’t correlate to the results on the diamond. “The whole thing would be so long and incoherent and hideous that for the rest of the day, I’d obese about getting creamed by a car before I could write a decent second draft.” is a sentiment Lamott writes, that represents the struggle students face on a daily basis. In a world of never ending doubts and questions such as “is this the right major for me?” or “will I get a job” or “does it make me happy?” the same way of going through just another day, being represented by the “so long and incoherent and hideous,” that by the start of the second day, some students wish (metaphorically) they got “creamed by a car.” Lamott’s argument however going on later is that there is a struggle to every voice you encounter. There may not be anything seen, but everyone does have their story. If a story was so easy to create, then everyone would be a world famous author overnight. But frankly, we are not all the Michael Jordan’s of our fields. Even myself, I know that my job could be given to someone who works much harder than I do. Yet, that is not my story. My job is a chapter. My schooling is another title. My name, height, weight, just an introduction. My story, no matter how hard it may be to edit, reword and rewrite, is still yet to be completed.

Joseph Yun

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active 9 months, 3 weeks ago